A classic is an outstanding example of a particular style; something of lasting worth or with a timeless quality; of the first or highest qualityclass, or rank  — something that exemplifies its class. The word can be an adjective a classic car or a noun a classic of English literature. It denotes a particular quality in art, architecture, literature, design, technology, or other cultural artifacts.
In commerce, products are named 'classic' to denote a long-standing popular version or model, to distinguish it from a newer variety. Classic is used to describe many major, long-standing sporting events.
Colloquially, an everyday occurrence e. The classics are the literature collectors edition classic books free ancient Greece and Romeknown as classical antiquityand once the principal subject studied in the humanities. Classics without the definite article can refer to the study of philosophy, literature, history and the arts of the ancient world, as in "reading classics collectors edition classic books free Cambridge".
From that usage came the more general concept of 'classic'. The Chinese classics occupy a similar position in Chinese cultureand various other cultures have their own classics. Books, films and music particularly may become a classic but a painting would more likely be called a masterpiece.
A classic is often something old that is still popular. The first known use of "classic" in this sense — a work so excellent that it collectors edition classic books free on the level of the "classics" Greek and Latin authors — is by the 18th-century scholar Rev. John Bowle. He applied the term to Don Quixoteof which Bowle prepared an innovative edition, such as he judged that a collectors edition classic books free work needed. Lists of classics are long and wide-ranging, [ citation needed ] and would vary depending on personal opinion.
Classic rock is a popular radio format, playing a repertoire of old but familiar collectors edition classic books free. A contemporary work may be hailed as an instant classicbut the criteria for classic status tends to include the test of time. The term "classic" is in fact often generalized to refer to any work of a certain age, regardless of whether it is any good.
A well known and reliable procedure, such as a demonstration of well-established scientific principle, may be described as classic: e. Manufacturers frequently describe their products as classic, to distinguish the original from a new variety, or to imply qualities in the product collectors edition classic books free although the Ford Consul Classica car manufactured —, has the "classic" tag for no apparent reason.
The iPod classic was simply called the iPod until the sixth generation, when classic was added to the name because other designs were also available — an example of a retronym.
Similarly, the Classica transit bus manufactured from —, succeeded an unpopular futuristic design. A classic can be something old that remains prized or valuable but not an antique.
Classic carsfor example, are recognised by various collectors' organisations such as the Classic Car Club of Americawho regulate the qualifying attributes that constitute classic status.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Outstanding example of a particular style. For other uses, see Classic disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Decrease Quantity. Limit 5. Choking Hazard. Small parts and Small Ball. Discover a captivating collection of magical mementos. This set goes great with Add to wish list. Hard to find. In an electronic file, it means entering the changes digitally. Such minor changes do not constitute a new edition, but introduce typographical variations within an edition, which are of interest to collectors. A common complaint of book collectors is that the bibliographer's definition is used in a book-collecting context.
For example, J. Salinger 's The Catcher in the Rye as of [update] remains in print in hardcover. The type is the same as the first printing, therefore all hardcover copies are, for the bibliographer, the first edition.
Collectors would use the term for the first printing only. The term "first trade edition," refers to the earliest edition of a book offered for sale to the general public in book stores. For example, Upton Sinclair 's novel The Jungle was published in two variant forms.
A "Sustainers' Edition", published by the Jungle Publishing Company, was sent to subscribers who had advanced funds to Sinclair. The first trade edition was published by Doubleday, Page to be sold in bookstores. Many book collectors place maximum value on the earliest bound copies of a book—promotional advance copies , bound galleys, uncorrected proofs, and advance reading copies sent by publishers to book reviewers and booksellers.
It is true that these are rarer than the production copies; but given that these were not printed from a different setting of type just the opposite; the main purpose of galleys and proofs is to double-check the typeset matter that will be used for production , they are not different editions.
Publishers use "first edition" according to their own purposes, and consequently among them the designation is used very inconsistently. The "first edition" of a trade book may be the first iteration of the work printed by the publisher in question or the first iteration of the work that includes a specific set of illustrations or editorial commentary. Publishers of non-fiction, academic works, and textbooks generally distinguish between revisions of the text of the work, by typically citing the dates of the first and latest editions of the work in the copyright page.
The reason for this stretch of the definition is often for the short-term marketing advantage of the new textbook, because, although first editions are often considered more valuable than later editions to book collectors, being a subsequent edition of a previous textbook gives the impression that the textbook denominated as a subsequent edition is more authoritative. The qualitative difference between a "revised edition" and a "new edition" is subjective. This is analogous to the way that software publishers may denominate an iteration "version 3.
The subjective judgment of the degree of the significance of the change made with the new iteration or the perceived marketing advantage of designating the new iteration as a specific number determines how the new iteration is numbered. Therefore, the designation "revised edition" does not designate any quality or quantity of revision with certainty. When a non-fiction book is first published it sometimes instigates more research on its subject. The author may determine that new information justifies the revision of the book.
A new iteration of the book would be published as a new edition, which may be denominated a "revised and updated edition". However, as with the denomination of "revised edition", the use of "revised and updated edition" manifests only the subjective choice of the publisher, which may be different from the publisher of a previous "revised edition" of the same work. The basic definition of a co-edition is when two publishing houses publish the same edition of a book or equivalent versions of an edition, for example, translated versions , simultaneously or near-simultaneously, usually in different countries.
English and American editions may differ in spelling , and they sometimes have different titles. Some examples:. The motivation for co-editions has often been to use the existing distribution systems of the different publishers in each country rather than establishing new distribution systems.
Advancing IT and the globalization of publishing have been blurring the lines of what co-edition means. For example, anything published online is effectively published worldwide. Also, large multinational publishers now have existing distribution systems for their hardcopy books in many countries, so they don't need to partner with other companies.
They may issue a book under a different imprint for each country, but the imprints are parts of the same parent corporation. The actual manufacturing of the books may be done in China regardless of where the copies will be sold.
The term e-dition , a play on the e- for-electronic prefix , has been used by various publishers to refer to various ideas, which include:. A library edition may appear to be the same as copies appearing in shops and almost certainly uses the same setting. However, the binding and hinges are made extra strong to allow for the greater wear and tear in library books.
This is analogous to the "police and taxi" packages for automobiles, in which heavier brakes and other upgrades are made to withstand harsher-than-standard use and longer duty cycles. A popular book is sometimes re-issued under the imprint of a book club. Often it is a new setting and with cheaper paper and binding.
Any photographic illustrations in the original are either absent or reduced in number. Book club editions are sold to members at a good discount compared with the original issue price. After a book has exhausted the market at the high original price a publisher may issue a cheap edition themselves or sell the rights on to another publisher who will produce the book. A cheap edition typically uses a low-cost paper and is a paperback but they can be hardback.
Also typically the size of the font is reduced to fit more words on a page to reduce the overall cost of the book. Naturally, for a cheap edition the author will receive a lower royalty but that may be compensated for by a greater volume of sales. During the peak of the British Empire , cheap editions of novels published in Britain would often be produced for sale in the colonies before other editions of the books were sold.
The rationale was that books took a long time to export to the colonies, that readership in those settlements was avid, and that books were an effective means to disseminate British values. Australia was by far the largest consumer of colonial editions. Macmillan London published the largest number of colonial edition titles. They began in and persisted in terms of pricing and trade until the s. A cadet edition is a cut down version of a book which is more simply written.
It is intended for young readers rather than adults. These editions are typically library editions but the font size of the text is much larger than usual so that persons with poor eyesight often older persons can more easily read the book. The large print books tend to be of a uniform size. A critical edition is a scholarly publication, containing commentary, critique, and sometimes a full developmental history of the work from all available sources.
Because of the variation in quality, lower-numbered prints in an edition are sometimes favored as superior, especially with older works where the image was struck until the plate wore out.
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